According to the Geological Survey, there are deposits of iron ore, copper and gold in different provinces of Afghanistan. Apart from this, some important rare minerals (Rare Earth Minerals) are also present.
After the Taliban rule in Afghanistan, the world’s eyes on the mineral reserves of billions.
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Since the announcement of the withdrawal of the US army, the eyes of the whole world were fixed on the internal situation in Afghanistan. Due to the current situation, even though people are scared of the radical regime of Taliban, but many countries are trying to control the situation. Meanwhile, there are some countries, whose eyes are also on Afghanistan’s resources and its diplomatic importance. China’s name is at the forefront of these, but the shocking thing is that no country had touched these mineral resources so far. Know in this report what is the real reason for this?
so much natural treasure in afghanistan
US military officers and geologists analyzed the terrain of Afghanistan through satellite images a few years ago. After investigation, it is estimated that there is a mineral wealth of about $ 1 trillion (ie about Rs 74 lakh crore) here. Most of these natural resources were also said to be diplomatically important.
What mineral resources exist in Afghanistan?
Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world. Despite this, there is a mineral wealth of 74 lakh crore rupees in this country located between Central and South Asia, which can change the situation of the economy of the entire country. According to the Geological Survey, there are deposits of iron ore, copper and gold in different provinces of Afghanistan. Apart from this, some important rare minerals (Rare Earth Minerals) are also present. The largest of these reserves is of lithium. Today, lithium is the most needed of all rechargeable batteries and other technical things in the world.
How much does the world need Afghanistan?
According to scientists, Afghanistan has traditionally been a stronghold of valuable metals. In fact, there are such metals also present, which can help the whole world to achieve progress. The International Energy Agency (IEA) said during May 2021 that there could be a huge need for lithium, copper, nickel, cobalt and rare minerals in the coming times. These materials are vital for everything from mobile technology to electric vehicles, supercomputers and communication devices. Currently, China, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Australia account for 75 per cent of the supply of these substances.
According to the IEA, after the promotion of clean energy in the future, the use of electric cars will be the highest. An average electric car uses six times more minerals than conventional cars. Apart from this, lithium, nickel, cobalt are important materials for batteries. Electricity networks around the world also depend on the use of copper and aluminum. At the same time, the motor is manufactured only through rare mineral materials. The US government estimates that if peace is established in Afghanistan in the coming times, then this country could stand against Bolivia (the largest producer) in terms of lithium mining.
Why no country got success in mining?
Afghanistan has a long history of foreign powers conducting their own missions. During 1979, the Soviet Union established its influence by sending troops to Afghanistan, which has been battling civil war since independence in 1919. However, the Soviet forces faced a tough challenge from the Mujahideen backed by the US and Pakistan. This was the period when all the earlier development works in Afghanistan were destroyed and the constructions done under the government of Mohammad Dawood Khan also started being demolished. It is said that during that time 2.8 million Afghans were displaced and there was a state of war in the whole country.
After the withdrawal of Soviet forces in 1989, Afghanistan continued to lag behind due to civil wars. From the formation of the Taliban in 1994 to the arrival of America in 2001, the situation in this country remained tense. US forces waged a war against the Taliban to help al-Qaeda militants, which worsened the situation in Afghanistan. In most of the provinces, except Kabul, Herat and some other provinces, even basic necessities like roads, electricity and education could not be met. At the same time, the goal of the US Army was also focused on the elimination of terrorists during this period.
Corruption, lack of infrastructure and insecurity
In a 2020 report by US Congressional Research, it was said that 90 percent of the population of Afghanistan is living below the poverty line. That is, people here are not able to earn even 2 dollars a day. At the same time, the World Bank said in March this year that Afghanistan’s private sector has not fully flourished due to insecurity in development work, lack of political stability, weak government institutions, inadequate infrastructure, corruption and difficult business environment. Due to this, mining of only 1 billion dollars (about Rs 7437 crore) is possible from Afghanistan at present.
China increasing relations with Taliban only for diplomatic benefits?
Since the capture of Kabul by the Taliban, China has been in constant contact with this militant group. In fact, due to the presence of America and the deteriorating situation in the country, China has not started any infrastructure project in Afghanistan so far. However, after the departure of the US military, China’s eyes are on improving relations with the Taliban. Experts say that China has already been ahead in mining rare substances in Africa and other countries. At the same time, he will get a direct benefit from the border with Afghanistan.
What mineral resources exist in Afghanistan?
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