Turkey has offered to take over the security of Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, after the withdrawal of US forces.
This proposal from Turkey has come at a time when the situation in Afghanistan is deteriorating day by day.
From Jalalabad in Afghanistan to several major cities including Herat and Kandahar, Taliban fighters and Afghan soldiers are face to face and violent conflict continues.
Along with this, Taliban fighters have captured some other important border posts including Spin Boldak on the Pakistani border, Sheikh Abu Nasr Farehi and Islam Kala on the Iran border. The Afghan army is struggling to get back these posts.
According to the news agency AFP, experts are seeing this proposal of Turkey as a very risky attempt to improve relations with America.
Why is Kabul Airport important?
US President Joe Biden has ordered the withdrawal of his entire army from Afghanistan by the end of next month. In this way, the US government has announced an end to its 20-year-long intervention in Afghanistan. The US military has started leaving Afghanistan in a phased manner.
At the same time, Taliban fighters are advancing rapidly. In such a situation, the security of Kabul airport has become a big challenge.
This airport, located close to all the embassies including the Rashtrapati Bhavan of Afghanistan, is strategically very important.
In simple words, this airport works to connect Afghanistan with the world.
This airport gives a safe way to deliver humanitarian aid to this war-torn country.
According to the Turkish news website Daily Sabah, this airport is the only option for the safe evacuation of foreign diplomats if a sensitive situation arises.
Afghanistan will be cut off from the world to an extent as soon as Taliban fighters take possession of this airport.
Due to this sudden proposal, in June last month, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan got a chance to get better rapport during his first meeting with US President Joe Biden during the NATO summit.
Two objectives of Erdoan are being stated from this proposal.
The first is to warm relations with Western allies and the second is to avoid the refugee crisis by keeping humanitarian aid open.
Magdalena Krich, Afghanistan director of the German foundation Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, told AFP news agency, “Turkey’s interests in Afghanistan’s stability are linked.”
However, Turkish officials insist on reducing torture in Afghanistan, ignoring the diplomatic aspects of the mission.
According to the news agency AFP, a Turkish diplomatic source has said that “Our aim is that Afghanistan does not become closed to the outside world and it does not become isolated.”
The United Nations reported this month that some 18 million people, or half the Afghan population, need help. Along with this, half of the population of children under five years of age is severely malnourished.
However, the US government still sees Turkey as an important ally in this volatile region.
But since the purchase of Russian missile defense systems from Turkey, the relations between the two countries have seen tension.
Final decision not yet made?
There have been reactions from different sides of the Taliban faction regarding this proposal.
But according to a news published in Turkish news website Daily Sabah, a final consensus has not yet been reached on this issue.
“According to sources, talks are going on with the US and all the countries that have to participate in this mission on this issue,” it has been told in this news.
Speaking to Daily Sabah, sources have also told that Turkey’s responsibility will be related only to the operation and security of the airport. The security of the area around the airport will be on the shoulders of Afghan security personnel.
Turkey’s foreign ministry has said that there should be proper participation of all in this mission because “the safe and smooth operation of this airport is necessary to ensure the presence of diplomatic missions in Afghanistan”.
Turkish President Erdoan said during the NATO meeting that Turkey also wants to include Pakistan and Hungary in this mission.
Taliban faction not ready
The Taliban has warned Turkey in this matter, saying that the decision to take over the security of Kabul airport after the withdrawal of US forces can have very serious consequences.
According to US news group Bloomberg, Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahed told Turkey last week that the move was “misadventure, a violation of our sovereignty and territorial integrity, and against our national interests.”
However, the Afghan government has said that it is the job of Afghan security personnel to protect airports, but if they get help from any friendly country, it welcomes it.
What did America say?
According to the news agency Reuters, US National Security Adviser Jake Salivan told last month that in a meeting between US President Joe Biden and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, it has been agreed that Turkey will return to Turkey after the withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan. Kabul will play an important role in airport security.
However, Salivan said that there was no consensus on the issue of Turkey’s purchase of the S-400 missile defense system from Russia. The issue has long been a source of tension among NATO allies.
Salivan had told that the Afghanistan issue was discussed in the meeting between Biden and Erdogan during the NATO summit on Monday. During this time, Erdogan had sought US cooperation for the security of the airport and Biden said that he was committed to providing all help to him.
Salivan, giving the first information of the meeting from the US, said, “It has been said with a clear commitment from the leaders that Turkey will play an important role in the security of Hamid Karzai International Airport and we are working on how to make it happen.” be given.”
Erdogan angry with Taliban
The Taliban last week described Turkey’s offer to operate Kabul airport as “disgusting”. The Taliban had said – “We consider the presence of any foreign army in our country in any form to be possession.” On Monday last week, the President of Turkey, while talking to reporters in Istanbul, said that the attitude of the Taliban is not right.
“In our view, the Taliban’s attitude is not the way one Muslim should treat another Muslim,” Erdoan said. He appealed to the Taliban to show the world as soon as possible that peace has been restored in Afghanistan. He said, “The Taliban should give up possession of their own brothers’ land.”
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