Jammu and Kashmir is going through a phase of massive change these days. These changes are seen mainly at the political and administrative level.
On August 5, 2019, the Narendra Modi government at the Center abolished the special status of Jammu and Kashmir, since then this period of change is going on.
Jammu and Kashmir is divided into two union territories. Ladakh is a fully Union Territory but Jammu and Kashmir will have a Legislative Assembly.
Since the end of the special status, elections have not yet been held there under the new system. The Modi government at the Center wants to conduct elections there after delimitation and for the delimitation the team of the Election Commission has returned after taking stock of various areas of the state.
According to news agency PTI, the Delimitation Commission will prepare the final report on the basis of 2011 census and geographical conditions. In this, the difficult geographical location, means of communication and infrastructure will also be taken care of. Seats will also be reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
What will change?
Before the end of the special status of Jammu and Kashmir, 83 members were elected in the assembly there, but after the delimitation, this number will increase to 90.
That is, seven seats are to be increased. Population, geographical location, infrastructure and means of connectivity have been made the basis for increasing these seats. It is being said that the Jammu division will get the direct benefit of these Aadhaar.
Most of the chief ministers of Jammu and Kashmir have been from Kashmir. Ghulam Nabi Azad was the first person who belonged to Jammu and became the Chief Minister. There are more assembly seats in Kashmir. That’s why the people there became more chief ministers. Muslims are the majority in the population of Kashmir and the population of Jammu is mixed but Hindus are more. It is being said that if the seats in Jammu are more than in Kashmir, then even a Hindu can become the Chief Minister. So far no Hindu has become a Chief Minister in Jammu and Kashmir.
The panel of three members of the Delimitation Commission returned on Friday after four days of consultations in Jammu and Kashmir. After the return of this panel, Chief Election Commissioner Sushil Chandra said that delimitation is not a mathematical process.
“The delimitation should accommodate the political ambition of the geographical area concerned. Though population is a base but we have also taken care of difficult geographical location and infrastructure. Earlier, the difficulties of the people and the difficult geographical location were not taken care of in the delimitation.
Important What did the election commissioner say?
Chandra said the 24 seats reserved for Pakistan-administered Kashmir are not included in the delimitation process. 24 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir have been left for Pakistan-administered Kashmir.
India believes that when it has control over the whole of Kashmir, then these seats will be there to represent the people. There are 24 vacant seats in the Vidhan Sabha. Regarding these seats, the Chief Election Commissioner said that they are not part of the delimitation.
Sushil Chandra said, “The Delimitation Commission will also highlight the seats reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. This will be the first time in Jammu and Kashmir that seats will be reserved for Scheduled Tribes.
At present, seven seats in Jammu and Kashmir are reserved for Scheduled Castes. This reservation is mainly in the Kathua-Samba area of Jammu. This will be the first time that in the process of delimitation, seats will be reserved for the tribes here.
These will also include Gujjars and Bakarwals. Most of the population of Gujjars and Bakarwals is in Rajouri district along with Pir Panjal Valley and Poonch in Jammu. Sushil Chandra has said that the Delimitation Commission has spoken to different groups of Jammu and Kashmir.
Sushil Chandra said, “First draft report will be prepared. Public opinion will be taken on the draft report. After this it will be made public for the consent of the people. After that the final report will be ready. People will be given a chance to give their opinion and advice.
Mehbooba Mufti’s People’s Democratic Party has said that the decision of the delimitation panel is well planned.
On this remark, Chief Election Commissioner Sushil Chandra said, “If this was the case, we would not have consulted extensively on this. We have tried to understand the situation by going to every area of the state. Everyone has welcomed our initiative.
Sushil Chanda said that in 1995 only 14 districts were delimited on the basis of 1981 census in Jammu and Kashmir. He said, “At present there are 20 districts in Jammu and Kashmir. The boundaries of many assembly constituencies have gone from one district to another.
In the meeting with the Delimitation Commission, most political parties have demanded restoration of full statehood at the earliest.
A delegation of the Jammu and Kashmir BJP unit met the Delimitation Commission on Thursday. The delegation was led by Jammu and Kashmir BJP President Ravinder Raina. Raina demanded adequate representation from Jammu in the assembly.
According to news agency PTI, Raina said, “I demanded to secure seats for refugees from Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. We said that representatives of eight out of 24 seats in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir should be elected and all the refugees should get them.
Raina said, “The delimitation of 1995 was like Bandar Baat. There has always been an imbalance of power in Jammu and Kashmir. The delimitation is being done on the basis of the six main points of the Indian Constitution. Out of the six points, the sixth base is population. One-third of the 24 seats in Pakistan-occupied-Kashmir should be deferred. Because in 1947, 65 and 71, one-third of the population of Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir had come to us. So they should be given these seats. We have made a demand to secure three seats for Kashmir Pandits.
Copy – Rajnish Kumar
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