According to the India Environment Report, 2021, India’s ranking was 115 last year, but it is still achieving goals like ending hunger and food security, gender equality and building resilient infrastructure in the country, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization and innovation. The challenge remains.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted by all UN member states in 2015. Under this, a roadmap has to be given for the measures being taken for the peace and prosperity of the earth and the people for the present and future.
The task of coordination regarding the Sustainable Development Goals has been entrusted to NITI Aayog, Government of India. NITI Aayog has emphasized that the Sustainable Development Goals are interlinked in social, economic and environmental aspects. States have been advised to similarly identify their own schemes along with Centrally Sponsored Schemes.
Kerala, Himachal and Chandigarh top, Bihar laggards
According to the report, among all the states and union territories, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and Chandigarh were the top performers in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. On the other hand, Jharkhand and Bihar lag behind in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Jharkhand lags behind in five goals and Bihar in seven goals.
There are 17 goals, the challenge for countries to achieve
17 Sustainable Development Goals have been set for all developed and developing countries. SDG1 – poverty alleviation, SDG2 – hunger free, SDG3 – good health and living, SDG4 – quality education, SDG5 – gender equality, SDG6 – clean water and sanitation, SDG7 – affordable clean energy, SDG8 – dignified work and economic development , SDG9-Industry, Innovation and infrastructure, SDG10-Reduction in inequality, SDG11-Sustainable cities and communities, SDG12-Accountable consumption and production, SDG-13 Steps to climate, SDG14-Life under water, SDG15-Life on Earth , SDG16—Peace, Justice and Stronger Institutions and SDG17—Strengthening the Global Partnership for the Goals.
India ranks 168 in Environmental Performance Index
According to the report, India ranks 168 out of 180 countries in terms of environmental performance index. This rank is determined on the basis of indicators such as environmental health, climate, air pollution, sanitation and drinking water, ecological services, biodiversity. At the same time, India’s rank in the environmental health category is 172. This rank describes how countries protect their citizens from environmental health risks.
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